Wednesday, July 18, 2018

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Colombia’s science-investigation unit Colciencias announced July 16 that it’s teaming-up with government officials for a first-ever “BioExpedition” this month near Anorí, northeast Antioquia – an area forbidden to nature-lovers because of decades of FARC guerrilla violence.

According to the announcement (see: http://www.colciencias.gov.co/sites/default/files/upload/noticias/prototipo_ficha_municipal_anori_-_julio_12.pdf), the BioExpedition will involve 22 researchers from the Eafit, Antioquia and CES universities; three United Nations officials, five community leaders, five professionals from Colciencias and 10 former FARC guerrillas who will help guide the group.

The expedition opens an opportunity to “discover the natural richness of a territory that was unexplored by institutions and scientists as a consequence of the armed conflict,” according to Colciencias.

Anorí hosts 52,000 hectares of continuous tropical humid forest, with animal, plant and insect species that may even be unknown to science, according to the organization. The explorers aim to find and categorize amphibians, birds, mammals, reptiles, orchids and butterflies, as well as produce a television documentary.

“The starting point of the BioExpedition will be the village of La Tirana, and a camp will be established to cover an area of investigation including the Anorí River, the Hiracales stream and the Nechí River,” according to Colciencias.

The Colombian Army will establish a unified command post to monitor daily the safety and health of the explorers, and “checkpoints will be placed in strategic locations,” according to the organization.

“This initiative [also] constitutes a key process for the design of strategies of [former guerrilla fighters] reincorporation and rural development around biodiversity,” according to Colciencias.


Medellin-based textile and fashion-industry trade group Inexmoda announced this month that it’s expecting about 13,000 buyers to interact with some 600 brand marketers at the annual “Colombiamoda” fashion show at Plaza Mayor July 24-26.

Among the sellers, 87% will be Colombian – including 44% from Antioquia, 17% from Cundinamarca and 5% from Valle del Cauca. International sellers include representatives from 56 countries, according to Inexmoda.

The 2018 edition of the annual show will occupy more than 5,000 square meters at the convention center, featuring the clothing designs of Arkitect by Custo at the opening, Isabel Henao at the closing, as well as renowned Andrés Pajón, Camilo Álvarez, Andrea Landa and SOY collections, “among the great figures on the catwalks of ‘La Semana de la Moda’ in Colombia,” according to the show organizer.

“The opening will be led by Grupo Éxito with its brand ‘Arkitect’ together with the designer Custo Barcelona, in a collaboration that continues to democratize fashion, including clothing production 100% made-in-Colombia,” according to Inexmoda.

Other veteran designers on the fashion agenda this year include Diego Guarnizo and María Luisa Ortiz (presented by The Foundation for Women AVON); Andrés Pajón, Camilo Alvarez and Andrea Landa (presented by Chevrolet); and ALADO, celebrating 10 years of fashion-industry trajectory, according to the group.

Emerging designers featured at “El Cubo” will include Geraldine Lustgarten, Kinira Swimwear, La Mar, Vana, Beat-a-bee and Afrikans, while other young designers such as Alexandra Bueno, Rocío Borré (with her trademark “Bahamamama” beach wear), María Alejandra Cajamarca (with her “ Bahía María” swimwear) separately will be featured at a “Nonstop Moda” event.

International clothing designer GEF returns to Colombiamoda this year, along with other major brands including Offcorss, Maaji, Ann Chery, Chamela, Trucco's Jeans, Carmen Steffens and People, according to Inexmoda.

As for the special-interest lectures, emerging “circular economy” and “digital influences” themes will be examined at the Inexmoda “Knowledge Pavilion” conferences, organized by Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana.

Among Colombiamoda 2018 show novelties, “the first novelty is that Inexmoda launches a new platform for the business agenda, which will allow buyers to make their appointment schedule with the exhibitors of their interest days before the fair,” according to the group. A second novelty -- in the special graphic-design section this year -- will enable buyers to interact with artists and illustrators and then see finished outputs for real-world design evaluations.

“The third novelty will take place in Vogue ‘Talents Corner,’ the space that allows purchases by the final consumer, including categories of clothing and jewelry, along with beachwear and intimate categories,” according to Inexmoda.

“And the fourth novelty is the ‘Route of Transformation,’ a guided tour by several exhibiting companies that have transformed their businesses thanks to the knowledge imparted by Inexmoda as well as the impulse from governmental allies,” according to Inexmoda.


The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) “Oro Legal” (legal gold) project management announced July 17 that toxic mercury dumping and processing has declined “significantly” among artisanal gold-mining operations in Bajo Cauca as well as Northeast Antioquia.

The agency noted that Colombia officially banned all further use of mercury in gold-mining activities as of July 15, 2018, following a five-year “transitional period” that started in 2013.

Socially responsible national and international gold miners in Colombia abolished mercury usage years ago. But some informal and criminal gold-mining operators here continue to dump toxic mercury, poisoning the environment, gold-processing workers and nearby populations.

Following the Colombian government’s mercury-phase-out transitional period, “some concerns arise regarding [the mercury-ban law’s] effectiveness,” according to USAID.

However, recent studies indicate a “significant reduction in the use of [mercury] in the Bajo Cauca Antioqueño and Northeast Antioquia mines, and there is also evidence of a decrease in [mercury vapor] emissions in the air in populated areas, as demonstrated by the comparative measurements made by USAID during the years 2016 and 2017,” according to the agency.

USAID’s “Legal Gold” study examined use of mercury in local gold mines, analyzed commercial movement of mercury, and measured mercury vapors in certain towns via a novel sampling protocol.

Samples were taken in 63 small mining production units located in Bajo Cauca and Northeast Antioquia, according to the agency.

“The mining units that received or receive accompaniment from the USAID Legal Gold program’s formalization process in the last two years have registered an approximate elimination of 7.8 tons of mercury in the department of Antioquia,” the agency reported.

“This is due to the technical assistance provided in the field and to the [artisanal miner] formalization contracts or subcontracts established between owners and small-scale miners, which obliges the latter to process their material in zero-mercury [gold-processing] plants.

“However, due to cultural and economic situations of the small miner, mercury use still persists. Comparative studies indicate that, on average, in the three types of [artisanal] mining [open-pit, alluvial and mini-dredge] in 2016, for each gram of gold produced, 14 grams of mercury were used, while in 2017 the figure dropped to 6.15 grams to process one gram of gold.,” according to USAID.

“In December 2016, in order to establish a control on the importation and commercialization of mercury and all products that contain it, the national government issued Decree 2133 of 2016, which establishes the process and allowed quota for the importation of mercury.

“Likewise, the government determined that the import quota of mercury to the country for the period from September 16, 2017 to September 15, 2020 was stipulated at two tons per year, and this should be used for activities other than mining.

“This reduction in the import quota of mercury hindered the acquisition of this metal in the different municipalities and multiplied its real price. Before the controls, a kilogram of mercury was quoted at COP$220,000 [US$76], but today this figure amounts to COP$750,000 [US$260 ],” the agency added.

As for mercury-vapor air-pollution studies, the agency took air samples in gold-trading and processing centers in six municipalities of Antioquia and three of Chocó: Segovia, Remedios, El Bagre, Caucasia, Zaragoza, Santafé de Antioquia, Quibdó, Condoto and Istmina.

Over time, the investigators discovered the emergence of new mercury-vapor hot-spots "in the perimeter areas of the town, away from shopping areas and gold purchases,” according to the agency.

“The conclusion of this monitoring is that [mercury vapor pollution] declined in urban areas, which indicates less impact on public health, but a greater dispersion was detected in peripheral areas, a situation that makes [mercury pollution] control difficult,” added Peter Doyle, USAID’s legal-gold program director.

While government controls on the importation and commercialization of mercury along with prohibition of the burning of gold-processing amalgams in residential, commercial institutional areas has helped cut such pollution, more remains to be done.

“The progress in reducing mercury has been impressive and little recognized, but it is going to reach a point where some miners do not have the culture, technology and funding sources for [mercury] elimination [and these miners] will need more support to achieve elimination,” Doyle concluded.


EPM general manager Jorge Londoño de la Cuesta revealed in a July 11 press conference that engineers are making more progress in recovering the US$5 billion, 2.4-gigawatt “Hidroituango” hydroelectric dam project in Antioquia in the wake of a temporary emergency caused by a geological fault and a diversion-tunnel failure last May.

Thanks to falling water levels in the Cauca river – the result of the typical Colombia summer-dry-season starting in July – waters behind the dam have dropped to 380 meters above sea level, down nearly 14 meters from a peak in June. This will help accelerate engineering work and recovery efforts.

“According to hydrological forecasts, it is estimated that the reservoir will stabilize between elevations 370 meters above sea level and 375 meters above sea level” during the summer season, according to EPM.

Meanwhile, some relatively minor landslides above the intake gates for the tunnels leading to the machine room (where the generator turbines eventually will be located) prompted EPM to begin building a metallic-roof structure that will protect workers, machinery and equipment at the site, Londoño explained.

In that area, workers soon will install closure gates for the tunnels -- hence enabling EPM to enter and repair whatever damage might be found in the machine room powerhouse, which has been used temporarily to evacuate Cauca river water because of the diversion-tunnel failure last May.

“Once we complete the civil works and install the gates of [machine-room entry tunnels] 1 and 2, in about a month, we will be able to to close the flow of water through the powerhouse,” according to EPM.

Meanwhile, last Friday (July 6), EPM radar monitors detected a rock fall in a road tunnel leading to the machine house, “which caused a slight decrease in the flow of water through the discharge tunnels,” although subsequent flows are now stable, according to the company.

“For the closure of the powerhouse, the company is working on a plan that includes closing a [Cauca River water] catchment gate and leaving a second gate open to allow [a required minimum] ecological flow to the Cauca River [downstream of the dam]. When the level of the reservoir [behind the dam] is very close to reaching the height of the engineered spillway at 401 meters above sea level, this second gate will be closed and the water flow through the machine house will be interrupted,” thus enabling EPM workers to enter and begin repairs -- hopefully before year-end 2018, Londoño added.

With both the diversion tunnel and the machine-house tunnels closed, that means that Cauca River waters will instead flow safely over the engineered spillway, avoiding water-flooding in tunnels.

Meanwhile, EPM continues works to raise the dam to 418 meters above sea level over the next few weeks, after which a specialist contractor -- Soletanche Bachy Cimas -- will begin injecting a special type of concrete (bentonite and cement) inside the dam, further reinforcing the works, he explained.

This reinforcement work is likely to be completed by year-end 2018 or the first few weeks of 2019, hence ensuring that the dam can withstand any floods that theoretically might happen once every 500 years, Londoño explained. Dam construction nevertheless will continue to 435 meters above sea level -- virtually eliminating any possible dam-overtopping by some theoretical, Biblical-style flood.

“For the definitive plugging of the right diversion tunnel and the auxiliary diversion system, EPM and the CCC Ituango construction consortium are advancing in technical and economic negotiations with [Houston-based] Halliburton, specialized in drilling for the oil industry," EPM added. "This company will finalize in the next weeks the engineering design to proceed with the contracting and execution phases,” according to EPM.

Final closure of that diversion tunnel is estimated to be completed around October, Londoño added.

As for EPM’s concurrent social work to help downstream populations in Puerto Valdivia -- temporarily moved to shelters far-above the river's edge during the emergency -- “of the 1,640 families that can receive financial support from EPM to temporarily rent a home and pay their monthly maintenance, 929 families already obtained this support and another 711 families are in the process of being processed. EPM has provided all the resources so that the evacuees have comprehensive attention in the current circumstances,” the company added.


Investment promotion agency Agencia de Cooperacion e Inversion de Medellin y el Area Metropolitana (ACI) announced July 10 that besides the under-construction, 220-room Hilton luxury hotel on Las Palmas and the recently completed, US$50 million Marriott hotel in El Poblado in Medellin, Antioquia soon will host another 34 new hotel projects in 2019.

Citing statistics from Colombian hotel trade association Cotelco, ACI explained that “Medellín went from having 176 hotels with 7,370 rooms in 2016, to 197 hotels and 8,628 rooms in 2018. By 2019, 34 new projects will be undertaken in the territory of Antioquia.”

“We are the department [Antioquia] with the most investment -- COP$674 billion [US$235 million] --in the construction of hotels in Colombia, directly generating more employment, as 56,640 workers in Medellín are employed by hotels,” added Johana Martínez, executive director of Cotelco’s Antioquia-Chocó chapter.

Among the new and under-construction hotels in Medellín: Decameron, Hilton, Travelers, Wyndham, Atton (US$30 million), Viaggio, La Quinta Inn, Marriott, Metro Hotel, City Express (US$42 million), Click Clack and Blue Doors, according to ACI.

Citing Colombian SITUR tourism-agency figures, ACI added that “the accelerated growth in hotels responds mainly to the demand for the sustained increase in the arrival of travelers to the city, with 735,570 visitors in 2017, of which 274,693 were foreigners, an increase of 4.8% over 2016.”

“Tourist growth and the great attraction for foreign investment offered by Medellín -- part of a city-region strategy -- are key elements for the September 24-25, 2018, realization of SAHIC [South American Hotel and Tourism Investment conference] here, one of the most important international events in the sector,” the agency added.

Besides business and convention tourism growth here, eco-tourism is also growing in Antioquia, according to Federico Guerra Hoyos, Secretary of Productivity and Competitiveness for the departmental government of Antioquia.

Antioquia “is one of the places with the greatest number of bird species in the world. All this natural beauty is very close to villages with hotel infrastructure, which, added to the host talent of the residents, make our territory an unforgettable place and a unique sensation,” Guerra added.


Medellin’s “Metro” public transit agency announced July 9 that Wall Street bond rater Fitch just upgraded Metro’s long-term debt rating to “AAA (col)” from “AA + (col)” while the short-term rating remains at a relatively strong “F1 + (col).”

“In both cases, these are the highest ratings that [Fitch] gives to Colombian companies,” according to Metro, which operates a mainly electric-powered railcar, aerial-tram and surface-tram system, as well as a natural-gas-fueled bus rapid transit (BRT) system in the Medellin metropolitan area.

The ratings indicate that “Medellín Metro has been characterized by solid management and administration,” supported by “income legitimacy, operational risk, financial profile and asymmetric added risk,” according to the agency.

“In the case of the long-term rating, Fitch Ratings raised the rating to 'AAA (col)' from 'AA + (col)' with a stable outlook, which is assigned to issuers or obligations with the lowest expectation of default risk in relation to all other issuers or obligations in the same country. The outlook indicates that it is unlikely that the rating will change in a period of between one and two years.

“In the case of the short-term rating, Fitch affirmed the 'F1 + (col)' rating it had given in its previous review, also with a stable outlook, which is assigned to the lowest default risk in relation to others in the same country. When a + sign is added, as in the case of the Medellín Metro, this indicates that the liquidity profile is particularly strong.

“The legitimacy of revenues refers to the capacity to increase them and the competitive position in the sector, a factor that was considered strong due to the existence of a strategic objective that establishes that by 2020, 10% of revenues must come from different sources to the rate.

“Operational risk is considered as a factor in the medium range because Metro adequately identifies its costs, which allows it to have a certain degree of flexibility for [containing] them.

“Regarding the financial profile, this is considered as a strong range since the EBITDA [earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization] generation is robust and its margins, although they show the start-up of greater services, remain relatively stable. Likewise, the liquidity position is good due to the existence of adequate levels of cash and liquid investments of free destination. Finally, Fitch highlights the conservative management of investment portfolios, which have a low risk profile,” Metro added.


A new report from the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (CEPAL) finds that foreign direct investment (FDI) in Colombia grew by a relatively modest 0.5% year-on-year in 2017, whereas FDI in Latin America actually fell 3.6% region-wide.

According to the report (see: https://www.cepal.org/es/comunicados/inversion-extranjera-directa-america-latina-caribe-cae-tercer-ano-consecutivo-2017-llega), “FDI inflows into Colombia reached US$13.924 billion in 2017, up 0.5% on 2016 levels and close to those recorded between 2011 and 2014.

“Reinvested earnings increased significantly for the year, especially in the fourth quarter, reflecting the increase in the price of oil, as well as the overall improvement of the economy in the second half of the year.”

Transport and telecommunications sectors were the biggest FDI recipients in 2017, at US$3.136 billion, “matching investment flows to the oil sector (US$3.135 billion), traditionally the largest recipient of FDI in Colombia,” according to the report.

Following the crash in global oil prices starting in 2014, “between 2011 and 2014, the oil sector [in Colombia] recieved over US$5 billion annually, but these [FDI] inflows halved in 2015 and 2016,” the CEPAL report noted.

In contrast, Colombia's oil-and-gas FDI rise seen in 2017 and in the first months of 2018 “reflects the pick-up in investment resulting from the increase in [oil] prices,” according to the report.

Colombia’s mining sector also benefited from a global rebound in prices for basic materials, as 2017 mining FDI rose to US$953 million. “FDI in the manufacturing sector also increased, almost reaching its highest level in the past 10 years, at US$2.523 billion,” the report added.

Following a trend of recent years, Spain was the biggest single source of FDI to Colombia, at US$2.616 billion, with the United States a close second, at US$2.121 billion.

“Mexico was the third largest investor [to Colombia] in 2017 with FDI totaling US$1.717 billion, including an investment by Grupo Salinas, which injected an additional US$100 million into its fiber-optic infrastructure subsidiary, Azteca Comunicaciones Colombia,” according to the report.

“Investments from Spain and Mexico increased owing to the recapitalization of the [telecom] subsidiaries of Telefónica and Claro, after a Colombian court ordered the companies to pay the Colombian government US$500 million and US$1 billion [respectively] in compensation for contractual infringements in the framework of the concessions awarded to them in 1994,” the report added.

In contrast to the positive signs for Colombia, 2017 FDI actually declined 9.7% year-on-year in Brazil and 8.8% in Mexico, while Chile saw FDI plunge 48% and Peru dipped 1.4%.

Commenting on the CEPAL report, Maria Lorena Gutierrez, Colombia’s Minister of Trade, Industry and Tourism, stated: “Colombia is a stable country. We have instruments that attract investors such as investment agreements, free zones and double-taxation [avoidance] agreements.

“But the prospects are even better. The peace agreement [between the government and the FARC terrorist group] and the entry of Colombia into the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development are aspects that make the country even more attractive,” she added.


Medellin-based national electric-power grid operator and wholesale trading center XM announced July 5 the debut of an ultra-high-tech control center that will help maintain and improve power reliability and rationality for all Colombia.

According to XM, the new control center is “the most modern of [all] America, with technological platforms of latest generation, ensuring that during [at least] the next 12 years [we can meet] the challenges of the operation and integrated control of the resources of the Sistema Interconectado Nacional [SIN, the national power grid.]”

The new control center also includes two high-tech training rooms that “allow [trainees] to simulate in real time the operation of the entire SIN in a controlled environment,” according to XM.

“We monitor and control around 26,000 electrical variables measured throughout the depth and width of the national geography, employing multi-site technology for the continuous operation and phase measurement as well as maximum observability of the network, identifying [power-disruption] phenomena impossible to detect with traditional technologies,” according to the company.

XM’s system coordinates 66.89 terawatt-hours/year of power production and dispatch, involving more than 55,000 coordinated power moves annually by 112 players in the Colombian power market, including 74 power generators, 60 centrally-dispatched plants, 146 non-centrally-dispatched plants, 16 power transmitters, 32 power wholesalers, 26,000 kilometers of 110-kilovolt power lines, 249 power substations and the power interconnection with Ecuador.

“The new control center of the National Dispatch System will have two updates of hardware and software every four years, which will guarantee the latest available versions and will ensure the best technology to meet the challenges of the operation, maintainance and integrated control of the SIN until 2030,” XM added.

“The global electricity industry is facing one of its biggest changes [in history] and Colombia is not immune to this reality,” said XM general manager María Nohemi Arboleda.

“For this reason it is essential to have very strong institutions that incorporate new elements and actors in the most appropriate and harmonious ways possible. At XM we have been developing initiatives and projects for several years that point in that direction -- and the new control center that we are inaugurating today is proof of this,” Arboleda added.


Medellin’s Plaza Mayor convention center today announced that the ninth annual “Expoartesano” show (June 29 through July 8) broke all sales and attendance records, an encouraging signal for growth in demand for native crafts and goods.

During the 10-day event, "Expoartesano" drew 39,879 visitors, who spent a total of COP$4.08 billion (US$1.4 million) at the 430 exhibition stands, featuring 122 native artisans from 21 ethnic groups as well as 68 other traditional Colombian crafts vendors, according to show organizers Artesanias de Colombia.

“Through this type of events, the aim is to turn artisanal activity into a sustainable way of life for the thousands of artisans in Colombia.,” according to the organizer.

“Since its inception, Exporartesano -- in a strategic alliance between Artesanías de Colombia and Plaza Mayor Medellín -- has fostered the circulation and qualification of the national artisan offer, promoting, developing and boosting business, through an event that brings together different expressions every year of the artisan culture and that over the years has become a cultural movement in the capital of Antioquia,” according to the group.

‘Colombia Canta y Encanta’

Meanwhile, the 16th annual “Colombia Canta y Encanta" festival July 12 through 15 will feature 33 traditional song-and-dance artists from Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Nariño, Santander, Tolima, Valle del Cauca and Antioquia, according to show organizers.

“All members of ‘Colombia Canta’ are true stars for their talent, however, some of them have achieved greater recognition for their participation in programs that are broadcast on national television channels,” according to the group, which promotes development of young talent.

Besides live public performances, the festival also will include special workshops for local schools, bringing “recognized masters of Colombian music” as well as a class in orchestra conducting.

Among the participants: 15-year-old Esmeralda Gil Cano, who first gained fame four years ago in the Colombian national TV talent show “La Voz Kids,” and 14-year-old Michael Uribe Alzate, who at seven-years-old made a sensational debut on the “X Factor” TV talent show.

The full program of “Colombia Canta” is available at this web site: www.colombiacanta.org.

 

 


Colombia’s national development agency (Financiera de Desarrollo Nacional, FDN) announced June 27 that it approved another COP$600 billion (US$204 million) in debt finance for the crucial “Mar 1” highway project linking Medellin to current and future Atlantic ports in Antioquia and indirectly to the Pacific port of Buenaventura.

The latest debt approval means that definitive financial close on the project is expected around September 2018, according to FDN. The new senior debt credit carries a term of up to 18 years, the agency added.

“The financing of the project comprises a structure with three tranches, two tranches in pesos -- one in pesos and one in UVR [inflation-adjusted pesos] -- and one tranche in U.S. dollars,” according to FDN.

“Thus, the total debt of the project amounts to COP2.04 trillion [US$693 million], of which COP1.48 trillion [US$502 million] is structured in pesos and COP$560 billion [US$190 million] are denominated in dollars. With this loan, the total participation of the FDN represents 29.5% of the total debt of the project,” according to the agency

The project consists of upgrading and operating the existing highway between Santa Fe de Antioquia and Bolombolo (71 kilometers), constructing and operating a new divided highway between Medellin and Santa Fe de Antioquia (43 kilometers), construction and operation of a parallel tunnel to the existing “Tunel al Occidente” west of Medellin (4.6 kilometers) and the construction of 39 bridges, according to FDN.

The project also will connect with three other “fourth generation” (4G) highway projects including “Mar 2” and “Conexión Pacífico 2,” the latter of which would drastically improve freight traffic between Medellin and the Pacific port of Buenaventura.

Partners in the “Mar 1” project including Austrian construction company Strabag (Strabag AG Switzerland (37%), Strabag SAS (0.5%) and Strabag AG Austria; Sacyr (Sacyr Concesiones Colombia (37.5%) and Sacyr Concesiones Participadas SL; and the Colombian company Concay, SA (25%).


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Medellin Herald is a locally produced, English-language news and advisory service uniquely focused upon a more-mature audience of visitors, investors, conference and trade-show attendees, property buyers, expats, retirees, volunteers and nature lovers.

U.S. native Roberto Peckham, who founded Medellin Herald in 2015, has been residing in metro Medellin since 2005 and has traveled regularly and extensively throughout Colombia since 1981.

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