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Nutresa 3Q 2022 Net Income Jumps 35% Year-on-Year

Thursday, 27 October 2022 11:31 Written by

Medellin-based multinational foods giant Grupo Nutresa announced October 21 that its third quarter (3Q) 2022 net income rose 35% year-on-year, to COP$723 billion (US$150 million).

Sales likewise jumped 33% year-on-year, to COP$12.2 trillion (US$2.5 billion). Revenues in Colombia grew 31.5%, to COP$7.3 trillion (US$1.5 billion), accounting for 60.2% of Grupo Nutresa’s worldwide sales.

International sales likewise rose 35.5% year-on-year, to COP$4.8 trillion, (US$1.2 billion), while exports from Colombia totaled US$337 million, up 38.5%.

“Grupo Nutresa continues managing the impact of global inflation and the restrictions along the global supply chain through an adequate administration and hedging of commodities, as well as a disciplined cost and expense agenda,” according to the company.

“Consequently, the company reports COP$4.5 trillion [US$935 million] in gross profits, achieving a 19.6% growth rate over the period.”

Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) rose 25.8% year-on-year, with an EBITDA margin of 12.2%

Meanwhile, “financial expenses grew 63.8% mainly due to the increase in interest rates in the multiple geographies where Grupo Nutresa operates,” the company added.


Cemex LatAm 3Q 2022 Net Loss Worsens Year-on-Year

Thursday, 27 October 2022 11:23 Written by

Colombia-based Cemex LatAm Holdings (CLH) announced October 27 that its third quarter (3Q) 2022 net loss more than tripled year-on-year, to US$37 million, from a net loss of US$11 million in 3Q 2021.

Cemex blamed the poor results on impacts of declining operating income along with its divestment of operations in Costa Rica and El Salvador, finalized on August 31, 2022.

“As far as divestments are concerned, CLH continues to actively evaluate other additional divestment opportunities, which could even be much larger than those already completed in Costa Rica and El Salvador,” according to the company.

“Regarding investments, CLH continues to evaluate and implement strategic investment projects in its portfolio, such as the Maceo [Antioquia] project in Colombia, with which it seeks to strengthen or improve its network of assets in the region.”

Despite the setbacks in profits and operating income, consolidated net sales during 3Q 2022 actually increased by 10% year-on-year, “adjusting for currency fluctuations,” according to the company.

“Higher cement and ready-mix prices, as well as higher ready-mix volumes were the main drivers of the improvement.”

Cost of sales as a percentage of net sales increased by 7.8 percentage-points, from 59.8% in 3Q 2021 to 67.5% in 3Q 2022. “The increase was mainly due to higher variable costs, especially in furnace fuel,” according to CLH.

Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) fell 20% year-on-year, “mainly due to higher operating costs, despite higher sales,” according to CLH.

EBITDA margin in 3Q 2022 likewise dipped by 5.9 percentage points, compared to 3Q 2021.

Colombia Results

“In Colombia, our domestic gray cement prices improved by 12% in local currency terms, while our volumes decreased by 5%, during the third quarter compared to the same period of the previous year,” according to CLH.

“Our focus on pricing strategy resulted in our cement volumes underperforming the industry during the quarter, compared to the same period last year. On a sequential basis during the quarter, our cement prices improved by 2% in local currency terms and our volumes by 17%.

“Our ready-mix prices improved 5% in local currency terms and our volumes increased 10% during the quarter, compared to the same period last year.

“In the ready-mix business, our volume growth during the quarter and year to date was supported by increased market demand in the formal [construction] sector and our recent investments to expand our presence primarily in the Bogotá and Cali metropolitan areas,” the company added.

Panama Results

“In Panama, our domestic gray cement and ready-mix volumes increased by 10% and 66%, respectively, during the third quarter compared to the same period of the prior year. Volume growth was mainly driven by higher activity in the infrastructure sector, mainly in the third line of the Metro,” according to CLH.

Guatemala, Nicaragua Results

In the “Rest of CLH region” (now including Guatemala and Nicaragua, “our domestic gray cement volumes decreased by 1% during the third quarter compared to the same period last year. In Guatemala, our cement volumes increased 1% during the quarter compared to the same period last year. Our cement volumes remained relatively stable mainly due to heavy rains in July and August, as well as our pricing strategy.

“In Nicaragua, our cement volumes decreased 2% during the quarter compared to the same period last year. Volumes were affected by heavy rains and lower activity in the infrastructure and self-construction sectors,” the company added.


Medellin’s city-owned EPM utility claimed in a September 19 filing with Colombia’s Superfinanciera oversight agency that an investigative report published September 18 in the local El Colombiano newspaper -- citing potentially corrupt Hidroituango contract manipulation – ought not to be considered as accurate.

The El Colombiano report reveals that EPM recently changed the US$5 billion Hidroituango hydroelectric-plant construction contract bidding in a way that presumably would solely favor China’s Yellow River construction company via partnership with a previously unqualified Colombian construction company.

This alleged scheme follows Medellin Mayor Daniel Quintero’s years-long efforts to eliminate Hidroituango’s current construction contractors in favor of a Chinese company that has been cuddling-up to Quintero (see Medellin Herald September 3, 2020).

While Quintero failed in his lawsuit attempting to revoke the current Hidroituango contractors, the Chinese Communist Party’s official People’s Daily newspaper published a fawning report on Mayor Quintero in its August 19, 2020 edition, under the headline: “Daniel Quintero, Mayor of Medellín: ‘We Have Seen in China a Strong Investment Ally.’”

In the new El Colombiano report -- citing EPM’s recent contract “addendum 7” -- EPM “did the Chinese three favors: first, they reduced the required volume [of prior construction experience] to 28,350 cubic meters. Second, they included that the [new] company could accredit that experience in the construction of ‘framed structures.’ In other words, they no longer had to have experience in more complex structures such as bridges, but building houses or buildings was enough.

“And third, if the Colombian partner did not have a way to accredit that experience in two prior works, as required in the original specifications, now it can accredit it in four works. That is, the company can add 28,350 cubic meters [of experience] in several houses or buildings,” instead of 94,500 cubic meters of experience as originally required, according to the report.

The amended contract also lowered the experience requirement for excavations and construction of wells, tunnels, or caverns to 57 square meters, rather than 80 square meters as specified originally.

José Fernando Villegas, president of the Colombian Chamber of Infrastructure in Antioquia, is quoted in the El Colombiano report as asking why EPM cut the experience requirements to very specific numbers, rather than roundabout numbers. “When one puts an indicator that is not a round figure, it means that someone in particular wants to win [the contract]. It's what they call tailor's sheet,” Villegas was quoted as saying.

Likewise, “in the case of tunnels, the natural thing [in a contract amendment] would be to go down from 80 square meters to 55 or 60, but not 57,” he added.

In response to those charges, EPM issued the following statement to Superfinanciera:

“The fundamental purpose of the public request for bids [via the new contract amendments] is not to change the construction firm, but rather to guarantee the continuity of the civil works of generation units 5 to 8 of the Ituango Hydroelectric Project, under a unit-price payment methodology. in accordance with the development of the work and the current state of the risks, seeking optimization in costs and control of the execution schedule of the project in its final stage,” according to EPM.

“This process has had seven addenda (modifications), among which are extension of the date for receipt of bids, updating of the readjustment formula and provision of complementary documentation to interested parties, information meeting with bidders, inclusion of construction plans of the exterior works and modification to the requested experience.

“As a result of an interdisciplinary analysis, EPM identified the need to modify the experience requested to encourage the participation of Colombian companies and seek a greater plurality of bidders. EPM clarifies that one of the fundamental requirements stipulated in the contracting process is the presentation of offers from national and foreign legal entities, under associative forms, which may not be made up of more than three members and at least one of them must be Colombian. EPM insists that the reason why it modified the experience was due to serious analysis and not at the request of one of the participants in the process (Yellow River).

“The reopening of the process, that is, the opportunity for new interested parties to acquire the right to participate, is not an alien or foreign matter to the contracting of EPM, since precisely to guarantee the principles of equality and plurality of bidders, the specifications of conditions establish the obligation to carry out a new opening of the process when participation requirements are modified. In this particular case, as the experience was modified in some aspects, it was imperative to once again exhaust the stage of reopening the process.

“EPM reiterates that the selection process to build the final civil works of Hidroituango is carried out in a transparent manner,” the statement concludes.


The Medellin City Council on September 29 decided to reverse an earlier vote that would have approved the sale of city-owned utility EPM’s 50% stake in telecom-internet giant UNE to Millicom Spain, which holds the other 49.9% of shares.

Following an earlier provisional vote to approve the sale, on September 29 some Council members stated that they had subsequently lost faith in promises that the estimated COP$2.8 trillion (US$633 million) proceeds from the sale would be dedicated exclusively to “strategic investments.”

Instead, a last-minute change to the deal -- inserted by Medellin Mayor Daniel Quintero – stated that part of the funds would go toward paying EPM debt and part for other city projects, such as stream-maintenance. That broke the back of the tentative deal.

For more than 18 months, the long-expected deal had been held-up over concerns of misuse of UNE sale proceeds by Medellin’s politically embattled Mayor Quintero, who has been hit by numerous charges of corruption as well as illegal meddling in the recent election of President Gustavo Petro.

Under the earlier, tentative deal, an academic committee was supposed to oversee and verify that all UNE sale proceeds would indeed go into a strategic investment fund at EPM rather than being diverted to political projects of Mayor Quintero.

Earlier this year, UNE (popularly known as “Tigo”) posted a COP$572 billion (US$150.5 million) net loss for full-year 2021, more than twice the COP$212 billion (US$55.8 million) net loss in 2020.

Beside posting net losses in 2021 and 2020, the UNE-EPM venture also posted another net loss in 2018, while its 2019 net profit came-in at just COP$519 million (US$128,000).


Medellin-based multinational supermarket and dry-goods retailer Éxito and its principal Brazilian shareholder GPA simultaneously announced September 5 that GPA soon will offer 83% of its shares in Éxito to more than 50,000 current GPA shareholders.

The deal ultimately means that tens of thousands of investors in the U.S., Brazil and Colombia collectively would become Éxito’s biggest shareholders – that is, holding 53% of the total -- during the first half of 2023, according to the companies.

“The transaction is expected to consist of the segregation of GPA and Éxito through a capital reduction of GPA with the objective of distributing approximately 83% of the shares of Éxito currently held by GPA to its shareholders,” according to the companies.

“Therefore, following the closing of the transaction, GPA would retain a minority stake of approximately 13% in Éxito, with a potential for monetization in the future,” while France-based Groupe Casino would continue holding a 34% share via its GPA shareholdings, according to the companies.

“As a result of this project, the company's shareholding base would be substantially expanded, in such a way that the floating capital tradable on the stock markets would increase from 3% to 53%, approximately,” according to a separate Exito press release.

“Casino and GPA (Grupo Pão de Açúcar), would jointly maintain a shareholding of approximately 47%.

“Grupo Éxito will continue to strengthen its investment in Colombia and will continue executing its strategy of omnichannel, commercial expansion and innovation, and traffic monetization, fulfilling its higher purpose of nurturing ppportunities in Colombia,” the company added.

“The transaction will take place through the pro rata delivery to GPA’s shareholders of Éxito common shares -- including in the form of Level II Brazilian Depositary Receipts (“BDRs”) or Level 2 American Depositary Receipts (“ADRs”) -- both representing Éxito’s common shares, in the manner to be disclosed to the market in due course,” according to GPA.

“GPA’s Board of Directors considers that the transaction, which has the objective of enhancing the market value of the shares of GPA and Éxito separately, has the potential to unlock the value to be captured equally by all GPA’s shareholders.

“GPA’s securities will continue to trade in Brazil on the B3 S.A.– Brasil, Bolsa, Balcão (“B3” exchange) and in the United States on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”).

“Éxito’s securities will continue to trade in Colombia, and Éxito will file the necessary documentation with the CVM [Comisión de Valores Mobiliarios of Brazil] and the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission to in order to have the BDRs and ADRs listed for trading in Brazil and the United States, respectively, in accordance with high levels of corporate governance and regulation applicable in each of the markets,” according to the announcements.


Medellin-based multinational Grupo Imsa – a spinoff last November from Medellin-based paints, chemicals and hardware multinational Grupo Orbis, the latter now part of global chemicals giant AkzoNobel – on August 31 posted a second quarter (2Q) 2022 net profit of COP$2.24 billion (US$501,000), while first-half (1H) net profits soared 136% year-on-year, to COP$13.437 billion (US$3 million).

Grupo Imsa produces industrial tubing and posts (O-tek division), food additives (Addimentum) composite materials (Novascott, Novapol and Novaforma), cleaning/disinfectant products (MCM), and also develops commercial real-estate projects in Colombia. Imsa has eight production facilities in four nations: Colombia, Brazil, Mexico and Argentina.

On two new fronts, Imsa now reports expansion into the U.S. and Canada for its food-additives lines.

Consolidated sales in 1H 2022 rose 36% year-on-year, to COP$340 billion (US$76 million), while 2Q 2022 gross margin rose 36% year-on-year, according to Imsa, which now trades on Colombia’s BVC stock exchange.

Improved profits this year came “despite the strong impact on raw material costs associated with restrictions in the supply chain worldwide,” according to Imsa.

Sales for 2Q 2022 at the company’s chemical business in Brazil rose 15% year-on-year, to COP$134 billion (US$30 million), “driven by the reactivation of the Brazilian market and the search for new business opportunities,” according to Imsa.

The “Addimentum” food-additives businesses in Mexico and Colombia saw 1H 2022 sales rise 28% year-on-year, to COP$42 billion (US$9.4 million). “This business continues to consolidate market share, mainly in North America, with current contracts and approvals in Mexico, the United States, and the development of new clients in Canada,” according to Imsa.

As for the “O-tek” industrial pipes-and-poles division in Argentina, Mexico and Colombia, this unit saw sales jump 84% year-on-year, to COP$127 billion (US$28.4 million).

O-tek is “increasing its market share in high-pressure applications in aqueducts, hydroelectric plants and industrial projects, with innovative products such as lock-joint technology, which gives access to a new market for large diameter pipes with greater pressure,” according to the company.

As for the MCM division --specializing in products for the home, vehicles and industry – sales are up 20% so far this year, to COP$40.7 billion (US$9.1 million), according to Imsa.

“Grupo Imsa has a solid capital and liquidity structure and a low level of indebtedness that allows it to support this growth. The Imsa Group holding reports that in the second quarter of 2022, it maintained financial indicators that reflect its solidity, without financial debt and its total liabilities only represent 3% of total assets, while this indicator as of December 2021 stood at 1.8%.

“On the other hand, its current assets of COP$172 billion [US$38.5 million] exceed its current liabilities by 11 times, maintaining a favorable liquidity situation.

“At a consolidated level, Grupo Imsa also maintains adequate levels of indebtedness and liquidity, with total liabilities representing 33% of its total assets, compared to 30% at the end of 2021. In turn, it maintains a current ratio that at the end of June stood at 2.0 times, while as of December 2021 this indicator stood at 2.1 times,” the company added.


Vancouver, Canada-based Antioquia Gold on August 26 announced a second quarter (2Q) 2022 net profit of CAD$474,000 (US$364,500), a big improvement over the CAD$2.6 million (US$2 million) net loss for 2Q 2021.

Revenues from the company’s sole asset – its Cisneros, Antioquia mining operations -- nearly doubled year-on-year, to CAD$30.5 million (US$23 million), while adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) likewise improved, to CAD$7.3 million (US$5.6 million), more than double the CAD$3.3 million (US$2.5 million) EBITDA in 2Q 2021.

Gold production at Cisneros soared to 13,489 ounces, up from 9,543 ounces in 2Q 2021, while average realized gold price rose to US$1,734/ounce, up from US$1,624/ounce in 2Q 2021, according to the company.

As for first half (1H) 2022 operating results, Antioquia gold reported production of 24,856 ounces of gold so far this year, while sales of 24,500 ounces of gold netted an average realized price of US$1,723 per ounce.

Cash costs so far this year have averaged US$1,275 per ounce of gold sold, up from US$1,187 in 2Q 2021, while all-in sustaining costs have averaged US$1,393 per ounce of gold sold, up from US$1,305 in 2Q 2021.

The year-on-year boost in revenues “reflects the increase in production along with an increase in the average realized gold price,” the company explained.

The Cisneros underground gold operation consists of two underground mines in the Guaico and Guayabito rural districts, a processing plant located outside Medellin, and “exploration and development of additional properties,” the company noted.


Medellin-based multinational construction giant Conconcreto announced August 17 that its second quarter (2Q) 2022 net income rose 14% year-on-year, to COP$47 billion (US$10.7 million).

Revenues jumped 67% year-on-year, to COP$528 billion (US$120 million), while earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) rose 21%, to COP$79.5 billion (US$18 million).

The boost in revenues is explained “primarily by a greater execution of works, a greater contribution from investments, as well as for the positive impact of the UVR [Colombia mortgage interest rate] on the Pactia Capital Fund and the active debt position subject to [highway project] concessions,” according to the company

“Results were partially limited by an increase in expenses as a consequence of the [post-Covid] reactivation of the company, impacts of the Decree-560 [Colombia bankruptcy exit] process [which Conconcreto successfully exited on May 25, 2022], as well as higher financial cost,” the company added.

Conconcreto’s exit from bankruptcy came as a result of Colombia’s Comptroller-General finally absolving the company from any responsibility for a costly diversion-tunnel collapse at the US$5 billion “Hidroituango” hydroelectric project in Antioquia.

Meanwhile, Conconcreto and two project partners in the “Double Calzada Oriente” (DCO) highway project (linking Medellin to Rionegro) inked a deal this year with international financiers BlackRock and AC Capitales.

That financing deal “provides greater solidity to the project, as BlackRock “is one of the world’s largest asset managers and a leading provider of investment management, risk management and advisory services to institutional clients globally,” Conconcreto noted.

“For its part, AC Capitales is one of the most recognized and experienced asset investment firms in Peru,” the company added.

The DCO project carries an estimated capital cost of COP$960 billion (US$218 million), of which Conconcreto has a 25% interest

As for Conconcreto projects in the United States, the company reports a construction backlog totaling US$225.7 million, mainly for projects in the metro Miami, Florida area.

In Colombia, infrastructure backlog stands at COP$1.67 billion (US$379 million) “concentrated mainly in the Ruta 40 and DCO projects and the TransMilenio trunk lines on Avenida 68 and Soacha,” according to the company.


Colombia’s new President Gustavo Petro and Colombia’s business trade associations are publicly endorsing broad goals for boosting economic growth, improving the lot of poorer populations, cutting income inequality and moving toward a “greener” future.

But the national tax proposal put forward by Petro and his Finance Minister this month ironically might only help the poor with two or three years of tax transfers, followed by years of economic stagnation caused by crushing tax burdens on most jobs generators, along with tax schemes that would only accelerate the destruction of fiscally crucial energy and mining industries.

In a speech last week to Colombia’s biggest national industrial-commercial trade association (the Medellin-born ANDI), President Petro outlined lofty-sounding goals for a Colombia that would disincentivize exports of oil and minerals, cut income inequality via higher taxes on individuals and companies (ironically hitting middle-class people making just US$2,500 per month), target unhealthy beverages and foods, and accelerate the move away from oil-and-gas and mining industries to “greener” schemes.

Yet all those goals could be achieved much-less-painfully -- and more practically -- with a gradualist, more market-based approach as favored by ANDI and many other business and consumer advocates.

That’s especially important given today’s painful inflation problems and Colombia’s relatively fragile attractiveness for both domestic and foreign jobs-creating investments. Boosting industrial/consumer/employee taxes now -- including a proposed doubling of taxes on investors -- on the very sectors generating most jobs, tax revenues and economic growth inevitably would turn counter-productive, as most economic experts here publicly acknowledge.

What’s more, Colombia already has been on a decades-long, gradual pathway of improving the lot of poorer populations and cutting inequality via dramatic improvements in free or low-cost health care, free public education, low-cost job training programs, expanded social welfare payments, food and medicine subsidies, retirement subsidies, free vaccination campaigns, vastly improved public utilities, dramatically improved highway infrastructure, diminished levels of armed conflict with guerilla groups, and a total avoidance of violent foreign entanglements.

Colombia presumably could continue on this gradualist approach, perhaps with a scaled-down version of Petro’s tax proposal. For example: it’s possible to imagine new incentives for alternative production and consumption of “greener” or “healthier” products and services via tax deductions offered to producers and consumers of some of today’s less-friendly products or services -- just as can be seen in many tax policies in North America and Europe, for example.

In his closing speech to the ANDI national convention in Cartagena last week, ANDI President Bruce MacMaster publicly praised President Petro for publicly sharing his vision and hopes for Colombia’s future with ANDI’s members.

“Opportunities and employment are definitely the best way, the safest, the most concrete, the most sustainable and the most proven to be able to overcome the limitations in terms of poverty that any society has,” MacMaster said, speaking directly to President Petro as well as to the assembled, standing-room-only crowd.

“And we are convinced that we are a fundamental part of that pathway, as the companies of Colombia -- from the micro to the large -- are the best and largest generators of employment.

“[President Petro] said it here, as also said in your inauguration speech, that we have to generate wealth, production and opportunities, that if we do not generate wealth, then we do not have anything to distribute, and wealth must be capable of meeting social needs.

“Competitiveness is extremely important and, of course, involves generating a friendly, reasonable and stable environment for the business world. And in that we are completely willing to read the signs that are given to us.

“And I want to make a special mention of conversations we had with your Minister of Finance in which we talked, for example, about the opportunity that Colombia has to be highly competitive in environmental matters, given the capacity we have to produce in our country, with a carbon footprint much lower than in the rest of the world, a small fraction of what it takes to produce in China. We are sure that we can turn this into a great competitive advantage for the country,” MacMaster concluded.


Medellin-based highway construction giant Construcciones El Condor on August 12 reported a first half (1H) 2022 accounting net loss of COP$17.5 billion (US$4.2 million).

“The results recognized by the equity method and the unrealized net-exchange difference generated a net result of negative COP$17.5 billion, which led the company to present a net margin of minus-4.98%,” according to El Condor.

“These methods have accounting effects, but do not have an impact on the company’s cash. If these effects are discounted, then net income was COP$9.57 billion (US$2.3 million) with a net margin of 2.72%.

“This effect will continue for several periods while the highway concessions begin to generate accounting profit, a behavior that obeys the normal cycle of concessions due to the nature of project finance,” the company explained. “The foregoing does not mean that the concessions do not meet their profit margins, but given the nature of project finance, this builds financially throughout the life of the contract.”

During 1H 2022, income from ordinary activities totaled COP$351 billion (US$84 million), up 25.34% year-on-year, according to El Condor.

“The increase reflects the upward curve of higher levels of work execution in the company’s main contracts: EPC [engineering, procurement, construction] with the Rio Magdalena highway, the Ruta al Mar highway and the Pacífico 3 highway concessions, and the Tunel del Toyo public-works contract [in Antioquia] with Invias,” according to El Condor.

Operating costs rose 16% year-on-year, to COP$302 billion (US$72.5 million), while gross profit came-in at COP$49 billion (US$11.7 million), “equivalent to a gross margin of 13.99%.” Administrative expenses reached 4.34% of revenues.

Operating profit came-in at COP$42 billion (US$10 million) equivalent to 11.92% of revenues, while earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) hit COP$66.7 billion (US$16 million), with EBITDA margin at 18.98%, up from 14.92% in 1H 2021.

As of June 2022, El Condor reported total assets of COP$2.47 trillion (US$593 million), while liabilities closed at COP$1.43 trillion (US$343 million).

The company’s current ratio is stated at 0.88-times, decreasing compared to December 2021, when the ratio was at 1.38-times. “The decrease is explained by the reclassification to non-current liabilities of the structured credit that matures in June 2023 and has as a source of payment related to the investment portfolio,” the company added.

As of June 2022, construction backlog -- the balance of works contracted and to be executed -- was COP$3.26 trillion (US$783 million), according to El Condor.


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About Medellin Herald

Medellin Herald is a locally produced, English-language news and advisory service uniquely focused upon a more-mature audience of visitors, investors, conference and trade-show attendees, property buyers, expats, retirees, volunteers and nature lovers.

U.S. native Roberto Peckham, who founded Medellin Herald in 2015, has been residing in metro Medellin since 2005 and has traveled regularly and extensively throughout Colombia since 1981.

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