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Colombia-based Cemex LatAm Holdings on October 28 posted a US$109 million net loss for third quarter (3Q) 2020, worse than the US$4 million net loss in 3Q 2019.

The company attributed the net loss to “non-monetary impairment of intangible assets and assets in disuse.”

Cemex LatAm produces cement, concrete and aggregates in Colombia, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, El Salvador and Guatemala.

Corporate-wide consolidated net sales for 3Q 2020 decreased 8% year-on-year, but earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) increased 19%.

EBITDA margin in 3Q 2020 increased 5.5 percentage points, “mainly due to higher cement prices as well as lower costs and selling and administrative expenses, despite lower volumes,” according to the company.

“Our cost savings program reached US$39 million [in the latest quarter] and it is expected to reach US$46 million dollars in total for 2020. We reduced our net debt by US$48 million and our leverage by 0.4 times to 3.7 times, from June to September.”

Commenting on the results, Cemex LatAm general manager Jesús González stated: “Our operations functioned relatively normally during the third quarter in Colombia, Guatemala, Nicaragua and El Salvador, while [Covid-19] restrictions had an impact in Panama and to a lesser degree in Costa Rica.

“We continue to support our clients in some of the challenges they face due to Covid-19 through our ‘Cemex Te Acompaña’ program and our ‘Cemex Go’ digital platform. As a result of these actions, during the quarter we increased our Net-Promoter-Score by 19 points compared to the same period of the previous year.”

Colombia Results

EBITDA in Colombia rose 59% year-on-year, to US$28 million, while net sales increased 1% in comparable terms, reaching US$115 million, according to the company

Colombia cement sales volumes industry-wide “reached levels close to 2019 in 3Q 2020” while “our cement volumes increased 66% sequentially [from 2Q 2020] but decreased 6% compared to the same period last year, reflecting a new competitor and an impact from our price increases,” according to the company.

“Our quarterly cement prices were the highest since 2016; an increase of 2% sequentially and 8% compared to the same period last year."

In Colombia’s “fourth generation “ (4G) highway-construction sector, “4G projects continued apace. As of September, we have delivered, in cement and/or concrete, the equivalent of more than 420,000 cubic meters of concrete,” according to the company.

“In Bogotá, projects already awarded should start soon, including three hospitals, Transmilenio [bus rapid transit] extensions and a water treatment plant. The ‘Metro’ and the ‘Regiotram’ [rail mass-transit projects] should start cement consumption in 4Q 2021.

“For 2021, [Colombia’s national] investment budget for transportation is 36% higher compared to the previous year. In addition, cement consumption from 4G projects should peak and some 5G [next-generation highway] program projects could start,” according to Cemex LatAm.

In Colombia’s residential, industrial and commercial-construction sectors, “demand for cement in the self-construction sector recovered in June and this trend continued during 3Q 2020. Home sales recovered in 3Q 2020 increasing 2.8% compared to the same period last year,” according to the company.

“However, housing starts fell in the middle-double-digits. In the industrial and commercial sector, [Covid-19-caused] trends such as telecommuting, restricted travel and online shopping could reduce the demand for cement. However, it is encouraging that industrial and business confidence indices reached levels close to pre-pandemic levels in September,” the company added.

Elsewhere in Cemex LatAm markets, Panama sales dropped 64% year-on-year, while Costa Rica sales fell 12%. However, Nicaragua, El Salvador and Guatemala sales collectively rose 19% year-on-year, according to the company.


U.S.-based multinational snack-foods giant PepsiCo announced October 14 a US$93 million investment in a production plant in Guarne, Antioquia, just east of Medellin.

Colombia President Ivan Duque hailed the announcement during a nationally televised address October 14, citing this latest example of economic reactivation initiatives here even in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic.

“This investment will strengthen the company’s value chain in four pillars: innovation and infrastructure, agriculture, communities, and sustainability,” according to PepsiCo Colombia.

The Guarne plant project “began in August 2020, with local labor, and is expected to be completed in 2022,” according to the company.

“This will be the largest PepsiCo plant in the country, with different production lines that include brands such as ‘Natuchips,’ ‘DeTodito’ and ‘Doritos,’ and will have around 400 workers,” according to the company.

“The investment, which includes packaging automation technologies, will complement PepsiCo’s manufacturing system in Colombia and will allow it to continue to consolidate itself as one of the most important companies in the country, as it has been since its arrival in 1947.”

On a parallel front, “PepsiCo and its [charitable] Foundation will continue to develop initiatives along priority lines such as water [conservation], recycling, the empowerment of women and sustainable agriculture,” the company added.

“Currently there are 10 programs in 12 municipalities throughout the country, a number that is projected to increase after the investment. In addition, PepsiCo will continue to strengthen associations of small farmers and expand its areas of intervention in the Colombian countryside,” according to the company.

Water conservation, recycling and solar-electric power production are among the technologies to be employed at the new plant in Guarne, Antioquia, the company added.


Colombia’s national government on September 30 officially signed papers handing-over half of the former “Electricaribe” power operation in five Caribbean coastal departments to Medellin-based EPM effective October 1.

The deal for what was once dubbed “CaribeMar” means that as of today (October 1), the new “Afinia” unit of EPM is now responsible for investing at least COP$8 trillion (US$2 billion) in required infrastructure upgrades over the next 10 years -- and simultaneously trying to find a way to get hundreds of thousands of habitual non-paying customers in that region to start paying their electric bills.

EPM’s new “Afinia” division (a.k.a. “CaribeMar”) now assumes power-service obligations in all of Bolívar, Cesar, Córdoba and Sucre departments, plus 13 municipalities in Magdalena. As a result, EPM’s national share of the Colombian power market rises to 35% -- biggest in the nation.

Under the deal, EPM initially must invest COP$4 trillion (US$1 billion) in the first five years of "Afinia" operations, then double that investment in the subsequent five years, to a cumulative COP$8 trillion (US$2 billion) over 10 years, according to the company.

Beyond this initial US$2 billion investment risk is the challenge of finding ways to overcome the massive losses suffered by all prior Electricaribe operations -- because of a widespread culture of customer non-payment.

According to Colombia’s Public Services Superintendant Natasha Avendaño, fully 32% of Electricaribe customers never pay their electric power bills. Illegal power connections in many Caribbean municipalities are so massive that the former Electricaribe company inevitably fell into bankruptcy.

To convince EPM to buy the “CaribeMar” (now Afinia) operation despite the disastrous history of Electricaribe, the Colombian government agreed to assume some huge costs:

1. COP$2 trillion (US$519 million) of pension liabilities covering more than 3,000 current Electricaribe pensioners.
2. COP$4.56 trillion (US$1.18 billion) in operating-cost credits and power purchase guarantees.
3. COP$860 billion (US$223 million) in required infrastructure investments.

Since the government took-over essentially bankrupt Electricaribe in 2016, “priority interventions were carried out to improve the infrastructure of power networks, substations, new circuits, distribution transformers, as well as the implementation of a loss-reduction plan,” according to Colombia’s Ministry of Mines & Energy.

“As a result, the service interruption duration indicator (SAIDI) has been cut from 75.11 hours in 2019 to 56.34 hours in August 2020. Likewise, the service interruption frequency indicator (SAIFI) was reduced from 77.15 times in August 2019 to 67.33 times in the same month of 2020,” according to the Ministry.


Medellin-based multinational insurance giant Seguros Sura announced August 16 that while it’s partly vulnerable to EPM’s new US$2.6 billion “conciliation” lawsuit against Hidroituango contractors and insurers, its net exposure is “very low.”

“Seguros Sura is not the insurer of Hidroituango’s construction damage policy [actually, that policy is covered by Mapfre insurance]; it acts as reinsurer in a minority portion,” according to Sura.

“This reinsurance policy was not subscribed by Seguros Sura, but by RSA Colombia, which was subsequently received as part of the RSA operation that Suramericana acquired between 2015 and 2016 in six Latin American countries.

“The company was summoned to a preliminary settlement for two compliance policies taken out by two [Hidroituango construction] contractors and not directly by EPM, largely reinsured.

“Seguros Sura Colombia, from its general insurance company, is analyzing based on technical and legal criteria the request for prejudicial conciliation before the Office of the Attorney General [of Colombia], formulated by the Vice Presidency of Legal Affairs of Public Companies of Medellín (EPM), with a claim of COP$9.9 trillion (US$2.6 billion) against all those summoned.

“The [Sura] general insurance company is linked to this process by two compliance policies taken by two of the consortia, the controller and the supervisor of the work, also summoned by EPM to the conciliation.

“One of the policies has an insured value limit of about COP$22 billion (US$5.8 million) and the other has coverage of up to COP$38 billion (US$10 million).

“Both amounts are the maximum responsibility that would correspond to Seguros Sura and in a greater proportion they are reinsured, thus leaving a low exposure of what the company would have to assume directly in the event of this event,” according to the company.

“As we reported in 2018, Sura is not the insurer of the project, it is only reinsurer with a minority stake of 13%.

“This implies that the relationship in this case is not directly with EPM, but with the leading insurer, from whom we have received information as one of the reinsurers regarding the handling of the loss associated with the construction damage policy. In fact, the final exposure of Seguros Sura in this policy is very low, as it is also reinsured in a large proportion.

“In addition, as has become public knowledge, the insurance company of the damage policy [Mapfre] already made a first disbursement of US$150 million to EPM, in December 2019. Seguros Sura Colombia, from its general insurance company, has paid the corresponding proportion to its minority stake as a reinsurer.

“Finally, it should be noted that this minority stake was not subscribed by Seguros Sura either, but by Royal & Sun Alliance (RSA) Colombia, a company that subsequently became part of an operation acquired by Suramericana in six countries in the region between 2015 and 2016, widely known at the time,” the company added.


Medellin-based textiles and plastics recycling giant Enka Colombia on August 14 posted a COP$1.4 billion (US$369,000) net loss for second quarter (2Q) 2020, down from a COP$3.2 billion (US$843,000) net profit in 2Q 2019.

Gross revenues fell 40%, to COP$58 billion (US$15 million), versus COP$97 billion (US$25 million) in 2Q 2019, according to the company.

“After a very good start to the year [1Q 2020] -- where the company achieved volume growth of sales of 8% and EBITDA growth of 79% -- in 2Q Enka was faced with large challenges derived from the [Covid-19] pandemic,” according to the company.

The pandemic resulted in “partial cessation of operations, a sharp reduction in demand and the implementation of biosanitary controls for the safe reactivation of [production] activity.”

In response, “the company managed to act quickly by strengthening its liquidity and adjusting its cost and expense structure to the ‘new normal,’” according to the company

In the meantime, “we continue to advance in the projects of the new ‘EKO-PET’ [plastics recycling] plant and the divestment of non-operational real estate assets. Due to the effects of the pandemic, although progress has been made, the respective [sales] contracts have not yet been formalized.

“Although uncertainty about the recovery of the world economy still persists, we trust that the better dynamics of a large part of the businesses will allow an increase gradual demand, which will translate into an improvement in the company’s results.”

As for first half (1H) 2020, earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) declined 20% year-on-year, to COP$11.5 billion (US$3 million), down from COP$14.3 billion (US$3.77 million) in 2Q 2019.

Operating income for 1H 2020 totaled COP$161 billion (US$42 million), down 20% year-on-year. Exports accounted for 44% of total sales (down from 46% in 1H 2019) “due to a greater contraction in the foreign market than in the national market,” according to Enka.

“While the devaluation of the Colombian peso is a positive factor for Enka’s income structure, its effects during this semester have been limited by lower sales in 2Q 2020 and by exchange hedges previously contracted. We hope that by the second semester, with the recovery of sales and better levels of exchange coverage, the devaluation will have a more favorable effect on operating results.”

Assets at end-June 2020 rose by COP$26 billion (US$6.8 million), to a total COP$606.6 billion (US$160 million), “ mainly due to a higher cash position to face eventual effects of the situation generated by Covid-19,” according to Enka.

“To date, these resources have not been used because it has been possible to free working capital through portfolio collection and normalization of inventories.

“Liabilities increased by COP$33 billion [US$8.7 million], mainly due to net disbursements of about COP$33 billion [US$8.7 million] and a difference in exchange rate, which compensated for less financing of suppliers for lower purchases. The net indebtedness ends at COP$36.5 billion [US$9.6 million] and a [debt-to-EBITDA] index of 1.1-x, improving over the result at the end of 2019, at 1.3-x EBITDA,” according to the company.

In Enka’s plastics recycling businesses, 1H 2020 revenues hit COP$56.8 billion (US$14.9 million), taking a 35% share of total corporate sales. Recycled plastic exports totaled US$1.6 million, equivalent to 10% of the business income.

“So far this year the uptake of post-consumer [plastic] bottles showed a 7% decrease compared to the first half of 2019, a lower reduction than in the beverage sector, which between January and May contracted by 16.4% compared to the same period of the year prior,” according to Enka.

“To strengthen recycling coverage on Colombia’s Atlantic Coast and mitigate the effects of Covid-19 on collection in this region of the country, in the second quarter [2020] our subsidiary ‘Eko-Red’ opened its own collection center in Barranquilla. With this opening, the company adds four collection centers -- located in the main cities of Colombia -- consolidating the largest post-consumer bottle collection network in the country.”

As for the company’s “EKO-PET” (8,717 tonnes sales) and “EKO-Polyolefins” (1,044 tonnes sales), “these lines have been the best performing during the crisis, managing to even increase sales volume by 5% and 318% respectively,” according to Enka.

“The increase in sales in ‘EKO- Polyolefins’ is the result of the consolidation of approvals in different markets, enabling transformation of all caps and labels of the bottles currently recycled by the company,” according to the company.

Meanwhile, the company’s “EKO-Fibras” (4,138 tonnes sales) 1H 2020volume decreased 16% compared to 1h 2019 due to the impact of Covid-19 “with a greater impact on the export market, mainly Brazil. However, we have begun to see a gradual recovery in demand,” according to Enka

As for textile and industrial sales, “revenues from these businesses ended at COP$103.6 billion (US$27 million), representing 65% of the company’s total sales. Exports reached US$17.6 million, representing 62% of the [textile-industrial] unit’s revenues, especially to Brazil and the United States,” according to Enka.

Textile filament sales “have been most affected during the pandemic -- both in Colombia and abroad -- because [sector] recovery is intimately related to the reopening of trade, which is still limited due to strict sanitary restrictions and lower consumption. As a result, at the close of first half 2020, sales volume decreased 37%” year-on year, according to Enka.

As for industrial threads (4,980 tonnes sales), volume decreased 17% so far this year mainly due to decline in demand for tire materials, according to Enka.


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About Medellin Herald

Medellin Herald is a locally produced, English-language news and advisory service uniquely focused upon a more-mature audience of visitors, investors, conference and trade-show attendees, property buyers, expats, retirees, volunteers and nature lovers.

U.S. native Roberto Peckham, who founded Medellin Herald in 2015, has been residing in metro Medellin since 2005 and has traveled regularly and extensively throughout Colombia since 1981.

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